Ten principles for the health of the elderly
Different diets may be manifested in different functions for the human body. For the elderly who have a good body, they should know how to eat, and know how to properly regulate the body.
Now let’s take a look at what the elderly’s diet should pay attention to.
1, the elderly diet – fruits and vegetables should be fresh and fresh, colored fruits and vegetables, vitamins, minerals, fiber supplements, fruit is also rich in organic acids, stimulates appetite and maintains the body’s acid-base balance.
2, the elderly diet – the amount should be less if you want to be safe, three thirst and cold.
Old people want to eat a variety of foods, but the amount of each food should not be too much, seven or eight minutes per meal.
3, the elderly diet – quality should be high quality does not mean high prices, such as soy products, eggs, milk, etc. are high quality food, the elderly often eat.
Also pay attention to eat more fish, eat less meat.
The main source of sugar is staple food and fruits and vegetables, and try to reduce the consumption of refined sugar such as sugar, brown sugar and sugar.
4, the elderly diet – food should be mixed, no food can contain all kinds of nutrients needed by the human body, therefore, every day must eat cereals, fruits and vegetables, algae and other foods, but also pay attention to the combination of meat, color, color, colorMatch, taste, dry and thin mix.
5, the elderly diet – mild soft old people do not digest the food well, so the food slices are soft and rotten as well, can be steamed, boiled, stewed, stewed and other cooking methods.
The foods selected should be as thick as possible, and should not be chewed. For example, meat can be selected with short fiber and delicate meat; milk, eggs and soy products are the best choices.
6, the elderly diet – diet should be light dishes should be light, taste bogey.
It is recommended that the daily salt content does not exceed 6 grams.
It is recommended that the food composition of the elderly one day: 150-250 grams of cereals, 100 grams of fish and shrimp and lean meat, 50 grams of beans and their products, about 300 grams of fresh vegetables, about 250 grams of fresh fruit, 250 grams of milk, cooking oil30 grams, 6 grams of salt, 25 grams of sugar, drink less, drink enough water.
7, the elderly diet – the speed should be slow to chew slowly to facilitate digestion, absorption.
Especially pay attention when eating fish.
Fish meat is the food of choice for the elderly because of its soft, tender meat, easy chewing, digestion and absorption; high protein content; low trace content.
However, due to the problem of fishbone, many elderly people are restricted.
To solve this problem, we must first select more fish from the fishbone. When eating fish, it is best not to eat it with rice and steamed bread.
8, the elderly diet – meals Yixiang elderly appetite is reduced, in the production of food should be carefully crafted, pay attention to color, fragrance, taste, shape of the deployment.
In addition, the elegant, quiet, and tidy dining environment; the form of collective or companionship can enhance the dining interest of the elderly.
9, the elderly diet – drinking water should be more than the old man’s feeling of thirst is not as sensitive as young people, therefore, you should consciously drink plenty of water, you can choose light tea or boiled water.
Don’t wait until you are thirsty and drink, so as not to lack water.
Water shortage can cause constipation in the elderly and metabolic disorders in the body.
10, the elderly diet – the best digestion and absorption process of hot food is carried out at a temperature close to body temperature.
Old people have poor resistance to cold. Once they eat raw, cold and hard foods, they will affect digestion, absorption, and even disease.
Therefore, the food of the elderly is mainly warm.